3 start date for friends groups is well distributed with a 20-year period representing a noticeable spike. During 1980–1999, 10 of the 29 responding institutions started their friends group. The earliest reported library development board was formed in 1965. The start dates of development boards are noteworthy for their even distribution with one exception. From 1995–1999, no responding library started a development board. One library reached the $500,000 annual fundraising goal in 1925. Then there is a gap until 1963. Interestingly, eight of the 35 respondents reached that goal during the period 2005–2009 that includes the great recession. Library Donor Groups Respondents were asked to indicate their level of access to various stakeholder groups. Either unlimited or limited/special project access were available options. Notable stakeholders with high levels of unrestricted access include active year and lapsed year library donors and both active and retired library employees. Stakeholders with particularly low unlimited access for respondents include university trustees, parents/grandparents of current students, and current students themselves. Respondents have more access to stakeholder groups for special projects and on other limited bases. Notable groups include current and lapsed year donors to other areas of the institution, people who have never given to the library, the Board of Trustees, current students, retired employees of the institution, and alumni. Library Development Program Staffing Fifty-two respondents answered a question about the number and FTE of fundraising professionals. They reported a total of 115 positions—77 full-time and 38 part-time—and just over 91 FTE. Twenty-two libraries have one fundraising professional and 15 have two. The 15 respondents who reported between three and 10 professionals raised the median number to two, which represents growth from 2006 when the median number was one. Twenty-six libraries (50%) have one fundraising professional dedicating 100% of his or her time to library development. Fifteen of these are at the 22 libraries that have only one development position. The single professionals at the other seven libraries spend between 20 and 50 percent of their time on development. At 15 of the 27 libraries that reported between two and four professionals, they all work full-time on development. While there are many titles and reporting lines for the primary development professionals at the responding libraries, the most common title is some variation of “Director of Development” and the most common reporting line is to the dean/university librarian. For secondary fundraising professionals, there is some variation between the title of “Development Officer” and “Assistant Director of Development” and the most common reporting line is to the chief LDO. For those libraries with more than two positions, additional titles include various coordinator positions and administrative support with the majority reporting to the chief LDO. Chief Library Development Officer There is great variability among respondents in the term of service for the current chief LDO. The tenure for this position for the 48 respondents was from two weeks to 21 years. The mean for that tenure is 4.26 years with a standard deviation of 4.22 years and median is 3.00 years. The majority of chief LDOs (27 or 55%) served in another fundraising position in higher education, but outside of libraries just prior to their current position. There is also some variation among respondents regarding the organizational reporting for the chief LDO. At 23 libraries (46%) these positions are parallel to other department heads, 15 (30%) are parallel to AULs, and 12 (24%) are at another level of the organization. The education level of the chief LDO was sought as well. Of particular note, but not surprising, is the low number of MLS degrees among this cohort. Only five (10%) hold the MLS or equivalent, which represents a noticeable decline from 2006 when 19% of chief LDO’s held the MLS or equivalent. SPEC Kit 359: Library Development
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