Scholarly Communication Education Initiatives · 19
Survey Questions and Responses
The SPEC survey on Scholarly Communication Education Initiatives was designed by Kathleen A. New-
man, Biotechnology Librarian and UIUC Scholarly Communication Officer, University of Illinois at Urba-
na-Champaign, Deborah D. Blecic, Bibliographer for the Life and Health Sciences, University of Illinois
at Chicago, and Kimberly L. Armstrong, Assistant Director, CIC Center for Library Initiatives. These
results are based on data submitted by 73 of the 123 ARL member libraries (59%) by the deadline of May
30, 2007. The survey’s introductory text and questions are reproduced below, followed by the response
data and selected comments from the respondents.
Access to information, the foundation of scholarly communication, has traditionally been provided through academic journals,
research collections, and other print publications. Recent advances in digital technology, however, have revolutionized scholarly
communication, leading to innovations in the conduct of research as well as in the conveyance of ideas to readers. At the same
time, changing copyright laws, licensing rather than owning publications, and rapidly increasing subscription costs for scholarly
journals have limited access to and restricted uses of scholarly information.
ARL has been a leader in advocating the development of innovative systems that offer barrier-free access to research and
educational resources. Libraries, research institutions, scholarly societies, commercial publishers, and others are experimenting
with a variety of models to provide digital, online, unfettered access to scholarly information. A number of business models
have emerged utilizing different approaches to handling publication costs, managing collections, and providing user access.
Despite variations, however, the goal is the same: to develop more efﬁcient, economical, and accessible models for research and
Scholars face an array of options in the current environment and their actions impact the process of scholarly communication.
Librarians have sought to inform their communities about scholarly communication issues such as author rights management,
open access, and journal costs through activities such as teaching, Web sites, symposia, and workshops to help create change.
The purpose of this survey is to ﬁnd out what kind of initiatives ARL member libraries have used or plan to use to educate
faculty, researchers, administrators, students, and library staff at their institutions about scholarly communication issues.