12 · Survey Results: Executive Summary
of respondents indicated that libraries supporting
health professions (65%) and other types of science
libraries (39%) play a role. The involvement of both the
libraries supporting health professions (e.g., Medicine,
Dentistry, Nursing) and the libraries supporting other
sciences is not surprising, given that the current PAPs
were mandated by agencies involved in the health sci-
ences and health research (e.g., NIH, CIHR).
At seven of the 11 institutions where one library
supports PAP compliance the main library provides
these resources or services. At the other four, a library
that supports a health profession (medicine, nursing,
dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, etc.) provides these
In the institutions where more than one library
(e.g., a main campus library and/or a health profes-
sion or other science library) provides PAP compli-
ance support, there is evidence of coordination and
cooperation between the individual libraries. A solid
majority (75%) indicated that all the libraries in their
system follow the same strategy or offer the same
services/resources for PAP compliance support.
It is not surprising that all respondents from the
US provide support for the NIH policy or that four
of the five Canadians provide support for the CIHR
policy, but more than half of the respondents pro-
vide support for multiple policies. These include two
Canadian institutions that support both NIH and
CIHR policies and ten respondents (20%) that sup-
port an institutional policy on public access. Other
supported policies include the Wellcome Trust (12%)
and Howard Hughes Medical Institute (10%), with one
library reporting support of the Autism Speaks policy.
Models for PAP Compliance Support
There was no one single organizational model for ARL
libraries’ PAP compliance activities. Respondents re-
ported that the responsibility for coordinating and/
or planning activities to support authors’ compliance
with public access policies falls either on a single indi-
vidual, a committee (both ad hoc and standing), each
librarian who works with authors who are subject to
PAP compliance, or a combination of these individuals
and groups.
At seven libraries (14%) PAP compliance activi-
ties are handled by a single individual. All but one
of these devote 10% or less of their time to those ac-
tivities the other devotes 35% of his/her time to PAP
In 11 libraries, responsibility for PAP compliance
activities is assumed by a committee (either ad hoc
or standing). At three institutions, librarians who
work with authors assume coordination or planning
About half of the respondents report that a combi-
nation of individuals and groups shares these respon-
sibilities. One example of a collaborative model within
the library for PAP compliance support was noted by
a respondent: “The Medical Center Librarian moni-
tors developments and coordinates Web resources for
authors. Librarians within medical center library pro-
vide support for deposit. Scholarly Communications
Officer coordinates policy development and supports
authors in retaining needed rights.”
Regardless of the organizational model, the top
four library activities are monitoring PAP develop-
ments, developing resources and programs, coordi-
nating services, and consulting with authors and/or
their support staff on PAP compliance. Of the libraries
in which committees are responsible, coordinating
PAP compliance support training of library staff is
common. A less common practice among individu-
als or committees is providing mediated deposits for
authors in the form of third-party submissions.
One interesting finding from the survey results
is that “scholarly communications” is the most fre-
quently noted term in individual position titles and
either ad hoc or standing committee titles. Some
examples include: “Scholarly Communication
Librarian,” “Scholarly Communications Specialist,”
“Coordinator of Scholarly Communication,”
“Scholarly Communications Committee,” “Scholarly
Communications Group of the University Libraries
Council,” and “Project: Scholarly Communications.”
Partnerships and Collaborations for PAP
Compliance Support
In most instances, libraries’ PAP compliance activities
are coordinated with another department or unit of
their parent institution. Forty of forty-three libraries
(93%) reported collaborating with a unit outside of the
library. Most respondents noted the other department
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