98 · ARL Statistics 2007–2008
Question 15b. Serial titles. Report expenditures for serial titles counted on line 4a. Exclude unnumbered monographic and
publishers’ series, and encumbrances.
Question 15c. Other library materials. Include expenditures for all materials not reported in Questions 15a and 15b, e.g.,
backfiles of serials, charts and maps, audiovisual materials, manuscripts, etc. If expenditures for these materials are included
in lines 15a and/or 15b and cannot be disaggregated, please report U/A and provide a footnote. Do not include encumbrances.
Question 15d. Miscellaneous expenditures. Include any other materials funds expenditures not included in questions
15a-c, e.g., expenditures for bibliographic utilities, literature searching, security devices, memberships for the purposes of
publications, etc. Please list categories, with amounts, in a footnote. Note: If your library does not use materials funds for
non-materials expenditures—i.e., if those expenditures are included in “Other Operating Expenditures”— report 0, not
U/A, on line 15d.
Question 16. Contract Binding. Include only contract expenditures for binding done outside the library. If all binding is
done in-house, state this fact and give in-house expenditures in a footnote; do not include personnel expenditures. (This
figure should also be reported in the 2007–2008 ARL Preservation Survey, question 7b.)
Questions 17. Salaries and wages. Exclude fringe benefits. If professional and support staff salaries cannot be separated,
enter U/A, on lines 17a and 17b and enter total staff on line 17.
Question 17c. Salaries and wages: Student Assistants. Report 100% of student wages regardless of budgetary source of
funds. Include federal and local funds for work study students.
Question 19. Other operating expenditures. Exclude expenditures for buildings, maintenance, and fringe benefits.
Questions 21–25. Electronic expenditures. These items are intended to indicate what portion of your institution’s
total library expenditures are dedicated to electronic resources and services. Please use the Footnotes to indicate any
electronic materials expenditures you believe not to be covered by these questions. Many expenditures recorded in
these questions should have been included in Question 20, total library expenditures.
Question 21. One-time electronic resource purchases. Report expenditures that are not current serials (i.e. are non-
subscription, one-time, or monographic in nature) for software and machine-readable materials considered part of the
collections. Examples include periodical backfiles, literature collections, one-time costs for JSTOR membership, etc.
Expenditures reported here may be derived from any of the following categories: Monographs (Q15a), Other Library
Materials (Q15c), Miscellaneous (Q15d), or Other Operating Expenditures (Q19).
Question 22. Ongoing electronic resource purchases. Report subscription expenditures (or those which are expected
to be ongoing commitments) for serial publications whose primary format is electronic and for online searches of
remote databases such as OCLC FirstSearch, DIALOG, Lexis-Nexis, etc. Examples include paid subscriptions for
electronic journals and indexes/abstracts available via the Internet, CD-ROM serials, and annual access fees for resources
purchased on a “one-time” basis, such as literature collections, JSTOR membership, etc. Not all items whose expenditures
are counted here will be included in Serial titles currently received (Question 4) or Serials Expenditures (Question 15b).
Q23. Bibliographic Utilities, Networks, and Consortia. Because it is increasingly common for ARL Libraries to enter
into consortial arrangements to purchase access to electronic resources, both “Library” and “External” expenditure
blanks and instructions are provided. Please use a footnote to describe expenditures that you believe are not covered by
the question, or situations that do not seem to fit the instructions.
Q23a. From internal library sources. Report expenditures paid by the Library for services provided by national,
regional, and local bibliographic utilities, networks, and consortia, such as OCLC and RLG, unless for user database
access and subscriptions, which should be reported in Questions 21 or 22. Include only expenditures that are part of
Other Operating Expenditures (Q19).
Q23b. From external sources. If your library receives access to computer files, electronic serials or search services
through one or more centrally-funded system or consortial arrangements for which it does not pay fully and/or directly
(for example, funding is provided by the state on behalf of all members), enter the amount paid by external bodies on its