12 · ARL Annual Salary Survey 2011–2012
The scarcity of men in the profession has been well documented in many studies—the largest percentage of men
employed in ARL libraries was 38.2% in 1980–1981; since then men have consistently represented about 35% of
the professional staff in ARL libraries.
The Functional Specialist Breakdown
In 2004, the ARL Statistics and Measurement Committee accepted a proposal from the ACRL Personnel
Administrators and Staff Development Officers Discussion Group to break down the Functional Specialist
category (FSPEC). The group’s major concern was that so many different types of positions, with their varying
job descriptions and salaries, were being labeled with the code FSPEC that data reported for the category were
beginning to lose meaning. For each position that would have been labeled FSPEC in past years, the proposal
offered ARL institutions two options: either use one of eight new codes to describe that position; or, if none of
the eight new codes could adequately describe that position, use FSPEC. As seen in Figure 4, 17.2% of Functional
Specialists in all libraries did not use an alternative code, a decrease over the 2010–2011 figures. As in 2010–2011,
Archivists and Information Technology specialists comprised the largest percentage of Functional Specialists
who used an alternative code (62.0%).
Figure 4: Distribution of Functional Specialist Job Sub-Codes by Type of Library
Position
Main Medical Law All
No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent No. Percent
Archivists 489 22.8% 17 10.8% 5 9.3% 511 21.7%
Business Manager 146 6.8% 11 7.0% 2 3.7% 159 6.8%
Human Resources 76 3.5% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 76 3.2%
IT, Systems 396 18.5% 37 23.6% 14 25.9% 447 19.0%
IT, Web Developer 159 7.4% 21 13.4% 11 20.4% 191 8.1%
IT, Programmer 284 13.3% 26 16.6% 0 0.0% 310 13.2%
Media Specialist 119 5.6% 4 2.5% 4 7.4% 124 5.3%
Preservation 125 5.8% 2 1.3% 1 1.9% 128 5.4%
Other Functional Specialists 348 16.2% 39 24.8% 17 31.5% 404 17.2%
Total 2,142 157 54 2,353
Figure 5, below, displays the average salaries of the subcategories by position and sex (law and medical
libraries not included) in the same fashion as Table 17. The salaries in each of the sub-categories deviate widely
from the combined Functional Specialist average salary of $66,472. Human resource specialists have the highest
average of all subcategories, with an average salary of $73,334; media/multimedia specialists have the lowest
average salary of $58,759.
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