7 Association of Research Libraries Research Library Issues 303 2022 while anti-intellectual views seem to be as prevalent in the United States as in Canada, in the US, they are more sorted by political affiliation. In studies of response to changing advice around masking in Canada in 2020, his research shows anti-intellectual views have much stronger connections with responses to expert advice than with political ideology or science literacy, indicating the profound impact such views have had on public health response. Colleen Shogan (Georgetown University), a scholar of the US presidency, expanded on the instrumental and political value of anti-intellectual views, with examples dating as far back as the Eisenhower era and as recent as the concerted attacks on Anthony Fauci’s credibility. In these contexts, a link between anti-intellectual views and rejection of recommended COVID-19 precautions isn’t all that surprising. But seeing the strong connection Motta’s research shows between episodically intense periods of anti-intellectual feeling and public funding for US educational initiatives underscores the extent to which these are no brief storms to be weathered. Anyone who has observed the erosion of financial support for public higher education in the US may not be taken aback to see how clearly this links with correspondingly clear patterns of anti-intellectual attitudes, counterproductive as it may be that funding for scientific research and development is poised to decline in the very periods in which we are best able to manage threats in our world thanks to that very research. Perhaps most critical for those of us in the information professions, scholars in both panels conclude that solutions can’t be found in amplifying visibility of higher-quality information, providing more and better information, fact-checking, or boosting science- or information- literacy skills in our college student populations. Emotions, the interplay of content creation and consumption, the mechanisms of social media platforms, and even the perverse incentives of more traditional mass-media platforms, shape our information diets much more profoundly. So too do the complex relationships and connections between systems and structures, what Phillips terms the information
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