30 Association of Research Libraries Research Library Issues 303 2022 “metaliteracy” as another important ability to address the dynamism of online information ecosystems.35 This ability combines media literacy, digital literacy, visual literacy, cyberliteracy, transliteracy, and information fluency. Metaliteracy may help people engage with online environments responsibly and detect manipulated or doctored information. Furthermore, critical evaluation skills for information could include metacognitive and analytical skills, such as fact-checking, information synthesis, and recognizing a vulnerability to misinformation. Effective information evaluation may also depend on scientific and health research literacies to interpret methodologies and conclusions. By building these skills, libraries could help people succeed at flagging and reporting suspected misinformation,36 engaging in ethical sharing (e.g., “if you’re not sure, don’t share”37), and addressing health misinformation with our family, friends, and community. 5. Conclusion Misinformation can spread quickly with a negative impact on individuals, society, and public health. Although misinformation comes in various forms and spreads through different channels, libraries can play an essential role in mitigating its threat through a whole-of- society collaboration. Academic libraries have opportunities to engage in advocacy, revisit and reevaluate library values around responsible information sharing, collaborate with new partners to engage our broader society, and reframe information literacy with new skills for misinformation resilience. © Jeffery L. Loo and Erik T. Mitchell This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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