5 Association of Research Libraries Research Library Issues 299 2019 More specifically, the prevalence of AI in this Fourth Industrial Revolution4 is captured in the World Economic Forum’s transformation map (see Figure 2).5 AI is prevalent in almost all we do, albeit not equally across geo-political boundaries, industries, scientific fields, or educational institutions. Figure 2 Amid other organizations’ predictions, the World Economic Forum projects that by 2022 (three short years from now), the average percentage of tasks carried out by machines vs. humans will change from 29% vs. 71% in 2018 to 42% vs. 58%. Among the declining human skills predicted are “reading, writing, math and active listening.”6 In higher education, AI is used and is expected to be used in recruiting students, personalizing the student experience,7 and assisting with learning and instruction.8 How this is playing out as a trend in higher education, and what it means for research libraries, is not entirely clear, though reports on education technology trends in 2019 highlight growth in immersive learning, adaptive learning, and remote proctoring, as well as the much-discussed issues related to learning analytics. The 2019 EDUCAUSE survey on emerging technologies is due later this fall and may produce more findings we could include in
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