26 Association of Research Libraries Research Library Issues 297 — 2019 and platforms is proving inadequate in a growing digital economy. It is less realistic or rational to place the burden on consumers to read through every, generally lengthy, terms-of-service statement and then opt-out of data collection services, when so many services that are central to today’s communications and interactions grow. Second, the rising number of data breaches at companies holding millions—sometimes billions—of users’ information, including Equifax, Yahoo, and Uber, among others, has given rise to concerns about the security or vulnerability of personal information and the amount of data collected and retained by services. Third, a growing concern that personal data is used for political purposes emerged after news broke that Cambridge Analytica mined the data of millions of Facebook accounts, without the users’ consent, using the data for political purposes, such as to support the campaigns of President Trump and Senator Ted Cruz. Fourth, as noted above, the European Union’s data protection law resulted in a number of companies, including those in the United States, being forced to comply with these rules. Policy makers, advocates, and consumers have objected to what has often resulted in a two-tiered system, where United States–based companies provide greater privacy protections to those in Europe than to those domestically. With a growing number of states interested in a GDPR-like system, the concern of a patchwork system with potentially conflicting laws grows. Strong, comprehensive legislation at the federal level could address these concerns. United States Congress Comprehensive federal privacy legislation is likely to be a priority for the United States Congress in 2019. Congress has held multiple hearings on the topic of consumer privacy and policy makers released discussion drafts and bills on this issue in the last Congress. The With a growing number of states interested in a GDPR- like system, the concern of a patchwork system with potentially conflicting laws grows. Strong, comprehensive legislation at the federal level could address these concerns.