21 Association of Research Libraries Research Library Issues 297 2019 FIPPs. The purported intention behind the report’s release was to call on Congress to enact the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights contained within the paper into legislation. President Obama noted in the report: Never has privacy been more important than today, in the age of the Internet, the World Wide Web and smart phones. In just the last decade, the Internet has enabled a renewal of direct political engagement by citizens around the globe and an explosion of commerce and innovation creating jobs of the future. Much of this innovation is enabled by novel uses of personal information. So, it is incumbent on us to do what we have done throughout history: apply our timeless privacy values to the new technologies and circumstances of our times.… One thing should be clear, even though we live in a world in which we share personal information more freely than in the past, we must reject the conclusion that privacy is an outmoded value. It has been at the heart of our democracy from its inception, and we need it now more than ever.6 Ultimately, Congress did not act on the Obama Administration’s report and the United States still lacks comprehensive consumer privacy protections. The FTC does oversee internet privacy through its authority over “unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce.”7 These FTC cases generally result in a settlement with the companies due to the lack of authority to impose civil penalties unless the company has violated an existing FTC order. State Approach to Privacy While states each have their own privacy laws, these laws are often older, do not address the swaths of data that exist in the digital age, or are limited in scope. Like the federal approach, where states have enacted laws addressing privacy in the digital environment, they are generally narrowly focused and target discrete populations or are sector-specific. For example, California and Delaware have
Previous Page Next Page