based on NIH funding deposit their works in the repository. The development of complementary repository services by research institutions and federal agencies supporting research should further act to enhance support for the research process. However, the creation of multiple repositories that serve the same researchers raises many issues regarding how best to coordinate the content and functions of those repositories. The NIH Public Access Policy creates an initial impetus for libraries, as the common mediators of institutional repository services, to concretely examine the need to develop close interactions between a large disciplinary repository, PubMed Central, and repositories housed at research institutions. The NIH Public Access Policy requirement for funded authors to deposit their works into PubMed Central has been in place since April 2008. During this period many libraries have developed various approaches to supporting authors in completing their deposits. However, there is more that many libraries would like to do toward developing services that smooth PubMed Central deposit for authors, assist universities in monitoring compliance, and allow capture and innovative uses of the deposited content. Already it has become evident that the technology issues involved in developing these kinds of services are relatively mundane. Rather, the substantive issue is the creation of appropriate copyright licensing regimes to support authors and institutions. Key Questions To identify the issues and concerns that must be addressed to coordinate author- centric repository services at the institutional and funder levels, it is helpful to pose some key questions drawing on what we have learned from the first implementation of funder-imposed deposit requirements: • What are early experiences with PubMed Central deposits, and where are there opportunities for libraries to help make the NIH Public Access Policy as successful as possible? Currently three main input streams provide content covered by the NIH Public Access Policy: authors, publishers providing published versions of RLI 263 25 Achieving the Full Potential of Repository Deposit Policies ( C O N T I N U E D ) APRIL 2009 RESEARCH LIBRARY ISSUES: A BIMONTHLY REPORT FROM ARL, CNI, AND SPARC …promising strategies include standard author-publisher contracts, a uniform rights-transfer addendum, direct institution-publisher negotiations on behalf of authors, or an institutional policy granting it limited rights to institutionally affiliated authors’ works as they are created.