open access today are in response to these concerns. At its foundation, the issue
for scholarly authors and their readers is simply meaningful access to out-of-
print and unavailable works.
Over the last year or so, authors began to contact
the University of Michigan Library, requesting
that HathiTrust open the full text of their works
for public access. This interest corresponded to the
increased visibility of the titles resulting from
public access to the bibliographic information
available through HathiTrust. In response, the
University of Michigan Library developed a
simple agreement form for HathiTrust that allows
HathiTrust to obtain permission from the
copyright holder to make digital copies and
reproduce the full text in HathiTrust’s repository
This short agreement lets the author retain all
of his or her rights, and the grant of rights is non-
exclusive. This allows HathiTrust to make and
distribute reprints or other paper copies for
noncommercial scholarly purposes. The author
does need to promise (“warrant”) that they are the
copyright holder of the work and can authorize
the proposed copying and distribution.
HathiTrust asks the author to indicate whether
they still possess the copyright, whether the
publisher transferred (“reverted”) the work back
to the author, or whether the copyright was obtained in some other way (such as
transfer, gift, divorce decree, or inheritance). A space for “other” is included
allowing the copyright holder to indicate his or her particular situation.
The agreement requires the author to confirm that the work does not violate
the rights of others and that all permissions needed were obtained that would
allow the full use of the work in HathiTrust, including the creation of digital
copies. The agreement form includes such key information as name, mailing
Opening Up Content in HathiTrust
C O N T I N U E D
APRIL 2010 RESEARCH LIBRARY ISSUES: A BIMONTHLY REPORT FROM ARL, CNI, AND SPARC
Opening Content through MPublishing
Thinking about authors, publishers, and long-term
preservation and access as an ecosystem pervades libraries
and is certainly evident within the newly created MPublishing
group at the University of Michigan Library.
To create MPublishing, the library brought together the
Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Press,
Deep Blue (the university’s institutional repository),
administration of the Text Creation Partnership, and the
Copyright Office under the leadership of a new Associate
University Librarian for Publishing, Maria Bonn.
One example of MPublishing’s ecosystem approach is
demonstrated by Jim Ottaviani, who directs Deep Blue and
works tirelessly to engage campus authors, to help them
deposit their work in Deep Blue, and to encourage open
access on a practical level.
The University of Michigan’s Scholarly Publishing Office is
developing an authors’ reprint service for sales (essentially at
or just above cost), digital access, printing on the Espresso
Book Machine, or distribution via Amazon.
In addition to committing the majority of its scholarly
titles to be full-text viewable within the HathiTrust, the
University of Michigan Press has welcomed the use of
Creative Commons licensing by its authors to encourage
wider distribution and access to the author’s work.
MPublishing is also exploring ways to engage with
open educational resources and open courseware with Open.
Michigan (based at the University of Michigan Medical School).
For more details, visit the MPublishing Web site