the implementation of an open-access fund and, in this issue of RLI, summarizes
some of the major considerations involved when undertaking this activity.
Library Strategies
As content formats change, libraries seek new ways to make that content
available. Since libraries and consortia license a significant amount of digital
content on behalf of the user community, it is appropriate to look to changes
in terms and conditions that would ensure that content be made as open as
possible. In this issue of RLI, Ivy Anderson describes an effort by an ad hoc
working group to add a clause to content licenses in order to include author
self-archiving rights. The draft clause is now being circulated to libraries, their
stakeholders (both internal and external), and the broader library community to
gather comments and encourage discussion.
In addition to licenses, libraries are involved in a number of other activities
to open up content. Foremost in this set of activities is the digitization of special
collections, the participation in mass digitization projects, the support for
electronic theses and dissertations, and the exposing of metadata for works held
in library collections. Research libraries also manage repositories and support
publishing activities (particularly for journals) on behalf of their institutions.
These strategies have become component parts for a new open system of
scholarly communication.
Author Strategies
Ultimately, though, decisions about opening up content are the responsibility
of the copyright holder. There are several strategies now in place that authors
can use to open their content. Libraries have been engaging authors in
discussions for many years about their rights as copyright holders.
Before publication, author-rights addenda developed by SPARC and
local campuses have been used by many authors to modify their publishing
agreements. In recent years, authors have been encouraged to use Creative
Commons (http://creativecommons.org/) and Science Commons
(http://sciencecommons.org/) licenses.
As authors are finding bibliographic data about their published work on
the Internet, they have become interested in opening up the full content. In her
article, Melissa Levine describes a newly developed HathiTrust permissions
agreement by which authors can designate that their work be made available.
RLI 269
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Strategies for Opening Up Content
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C O N T I N U E D
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APRIL 2010 RESEARCH LIBRARY ISSUES: A BIMONTHLY REPORT FROM ARL, CNI, AND SPARC
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