How do challenges sort out in terms of policy and
technology?
There appear to be few or no technology barriers to developing
mechanisms for institutions to harvest or submit content. With regard to
submission, many publishers have successfully implemented workflows to
transfer works to PubMed Central, and it should be straightforward for
institutions to develop parallel services.
Similarly, harvesting works from
PubMed Central should be technologically
uncomplicated. Although only a small
proportion of deposited works are open
access, sufficient numbers are held in the
archive to form a modest corpus of open access articles that repositories
could begin harvesting and using for experiments with repository services
based on harvested content.
Institutions (even though they are grantees) largely lack the limited
rights they need to either submit or harvest works produced by their grant-
funded authors. This concern is not limited to PubMed Central and the
NIH policy, but would apply to any other funder’s requirements. In fact, in
many cases institutions do not necessarily have the limited copyright
license they need to hold their authors’ work in their own repositories.
What are the author rights required for repository
deposit and how can institutions assist authors in
conveying appropriate rights to institutions hosting
repositories?
A wide range of rights-transfer agreements are used by publishers and
these vary substantially regarding the extent to which authors retain the
ability to grant their institutions limited licenses to store and disseminate
their work through repositories. Some publishers grant authors the
necessary rights automatically but many do not.
Institutions hosting repositories do not need the authors’ full copyright or
first-publication rights. They do need sufficient limited rights to hold, manage,
use, and share works. Broad usage rights for the institution are important to
support core activities around research and teaching. Reuse, text mining, and
digital preservation are just a few examples of rights that are needed.
RLI 263 27
Achieving the Full Potential of Repository Deposit Policies
(
C O N T I N U E D
)
APRIL 2009 RESEARCH LIBRARY ISSUES: A BIMONTHLY REPORT FROM ARL, CNI, AND SPARC
Repository services will achieve their full potential when
they support the broadest possible dissemination of funded
research and offer the fullest possible rights for reuse.
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