accompany early adoption of a new practice. Senior scholars are also well
positioned to create recognition systems that reward all scholars who make
valuable contributions via new models.

Many new model works employ peer review or other traditional editorial
control mechanisms that appear to satisfy their contributors and readers.
This contradicts a common misconception that network-based
communication modes are inherently incompatible with established peer-
review practices. In fact, most new model works are employing entirely
familiar mechanisms for quality control.
How can new kinds of scholarly works be more
effectively recognized and supported?

Scholars and researchers can undertake a variety of actions to advance the
use of new models. Reviewing departmental, college, and institutional
tenure practices and discussing strategies for evaluating and recognizing
contributions made to new kinds of scholarly resources is an important step
toward communicating broad acceptance of high-quality work, regardless
of the format in which it is disseminated. A careful examination of metrics
used to infer the quality of research publications should be undertaken
to consider alternative indicators that reflect the networked communication
environment and the need to recognize high-quality new forms of
publication. Journal citation metrics presuppose a restricted focus on
journal publishing and, even within that milieu, publications with long
track records. Newly available measures, like usage counts, can shed more
light on the value of established publications as well as provide
opportunities for new venues to demonstrate their mettle early in
their lifespan.

Campus leaders with responsibility for making promotion and tenure
decisions should similarly consider their own criteria and practices for
identifying excellence in scholarly contributions and communicate to
faculty the broad range of dissemination forms that could fall within
renewed criteria.

Scholars and researchers can also work with their discipline-based
organizations, including scholarly societies, to develop mechanisms
RLI 263 22
Strategies for Supporting New Genres of Scholarship
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C O N T I N U E D
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APRIL 2009 RESEARCH LIBRARY ISSUES: A BIMONTHLY REPORT FROM ARL, CNI, AND SPARC
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